Orthodontic Dictionary

Orthodontic Terms & Dictionary

 

Appliance
A device that assists in the straightening of teeth. Examples are braces, Invisalign, and retainers
Archwire
The wire that extends through each bracket slot in braces
Band
A metal device that wraps around the tooth to hold a bracket or tube in place
Bite Turbo
A small orthodontic device placed on the back of the upper front teeth to prevent full closure of the teeth. This protects the lower braces from being damaged by the bite.
Bonding
The technique of attaching an orthodontic device directly to the enamel of the tooth with the use of adhesive
Bracket
The metal device (also referred to as a brace) for fastening the archwire to the tooth or band
Coil Spring
A spring that fits between the bracket and the archwire to open space between teeth
Elastic
A small rubber band that attaches to the braces to exert forces on teeth to facilitate movement
Elastic Tie
A small rubber band that encircles the bracket to seat the archwire in the bracket slot
Forsus
A device used to improve the placement of the bite or jaw
Herbst Appliance
A device that corrects overbite by holding the lower jaw in a protrusive position
Hook
A small device to which elastics or other auxiliary devices are attached
iBraces
A type of braces that are placed behind teeth so that no one can see them. Also known as Incognito braces.
Invisalign
A type of treatment that uses a series of clear plastic aligners, similar to clear retainers, to gradually move teeth
Ligature
A wire used to tie a tooth to an orthodontic appliance or another tooth
Mouth Guard
A tooth or gum shield worn by patients (athletes) to prevent injuries
Palatal Expander
A device used to widen the upper jaw so that the upper and lower teeth will fit together
Retainer
A device, usually made of plastic and wires, to hold teeth in position after treatment
Separator
A device or instrument designed to wedge teeth apart, particularly teeth in tight contact. Frequently used for the examination of proximal surfaces, finishing a restoration or before banding
Wax
A soft, malleable substance placed on brackets to prevent rubbing or irritation
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